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The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) is a crucial component of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), responsible for the regulation of drugs, including prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceuticals, to ensure they are safe and effective for public use. Established to protect public health by ensuring that human drugs meet rigorous scientific standards, CDER's mission encompasses both the approval of new drugs and the monitoring of drugs on the market to ensure ongoing safety.

Importance of CDER

CDER plays a pivotal role in public health by safeguarding the drug supply against ineffective or hazardous medications. By ensuring that drugs are thoroughly evaluated for safety, efficacy, and quality, CDER facilitates access to new therapies that can improve health outcomes. Additionally, CDER supports innovation in drug development by providing clear regulatory pathways for drug approval, which encourages pharmaceutical companies to invest in new research and development.

Roles and Functions of (CDER)

Evaluation and Approval of New Drugs: CDER reviews New Drug Applications (NDAs) to assess a drug's safety and effectiveness. This process involves a comprehensive review of clinical trial data and manufacturing processes to ensure that the benefits of a drug outweigh its risks.

Monitoring of Drug Safety Post-Approval: After a drug is approved, CDER continues to monitor its safety through post-market surveillance. This involves analyzing reports of adverse events and conducting inspections to ensure compliance with manufacturing standards.

Enforcement Actions Against Regulatory Violations: When pharmaceutical companies fail to comply with regulatory standards, CDER can take enforcement actions, including issuing warning letters or mandating product recalls, to protect public health.

Guidance and Support for Drug Manufacturers

CDER provides guidance documents and technical support to help drug manufacturers navigate the regulatory affairs process. This includes guidelines on clinical trial design, manufacturing practices, and the submission of regulatory applications.

International Collaboration and Standards Setting: CDER works with international regulatory agencies to harmonize drug regulatory standards, facilitating global access to safe and effective drugs. This collaboration includes sharing scientific knowledge and regulatory practices to streamline drug development and approval processes.


The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) is fundamental to ensuring that the drugs available to the public are safe, effective, and of high quality. Through its comprehensive roles and functions, CDER not only protects public health but also supports innovation in the pharmaceutical industry, contributing significantly to advancements in healthcare and medicine.

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